5709 Westfield Ave,
Pennsauken Township, NJ 08110

1515 Market St Suite 1200-B
Philadelphia, PA 19110

Medical Cannabis and Personal Injury Claims: Navigating a Grey Area

medical cannabis and personal injury law NJ and PA

The use of medical cannabis has seen significant acceptance and legalization across many states in the U.S. over recent years. As more states embrace the medical benefits of cannabis, a complex legal landscape emerges, particularly in the context of personal injury claims. This blog delves into the evolving legal environment surrounding medical cannabis use and its potential impact on personal injury claims. Whether you’re inquiring about a medical cannabis car accident claim or pondering “can I use medical cannabis and sue?”, understanding the nuances is crucial.

The Evolving Legal Landscape of Medical Cannabis in the United States

The legalization of cannabis is sweeping across the United States, presenting a complex legal landscape for employers. What was once a straightforward issue of termination for positive drug tests has evolved into a multifaceted assessment. Federal, state, and local laws often conflict, creating a challenging environment for employers to navigate. According to Alonzo Martinez, a senior contributor to Forbes, the 2024 Cannabis Legalization Review underscores the necessity for employers to adapt their policies and procedures to comply with these changing regulations.

At the federal level, cannabis remains illegal under the Controlled Substances Act, classified as a Schedule I controlled substance. Despite provisions in the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) that require reasonable accommodations for qualified workers with disabilities, cannabis use and possession for any purpose remain a federal offense. Consequently, under the ADA, employers are not obligated to accommodate cannabis use, even if it is for medically approved reasons. This federal stance creates a significant challenge for medical cannabis users who might seek protection under the ADA for their use.

State laws, however, tell a different story. As of now, 39 states plus the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for medical purposes, and 23 states plus the District of Columbia have also legalized recreational use. This dichotomy between federal and state laws leaves employers grappling with how to handle instances of cannabis use detected through drug screenings. Some states, such as California, New York, and New Jersey, have enacted robust protections against discrimination for medical cannabis users, whereas others, like Florida and Ohio, do not require employers to accommodate such use. This varied legal landscape necessitates that employers stay informed and agile in updating their workplace policies to remain compliant and mitigate legal risks.

Furthermore, the legalization of recreational cannabis introduces additional complexities. States such as Alaska, Arizona, and Michigan have minimal impact on employers regarding recreational use, while others, like New Jersey and Rhode Island, permit pre-employment testing but restrict the influence of cannabis findings on employment decisions. Pending legislation in states like New Hampshire and Pennsylvania suggests that more states might soon legalize cannabis, further complicating the legal environment for employers. This evolving landscape requires employers to update their policies, focusing on cannabis use and impairment in the workplace, differentiating between medical and recreational use, and revising drug testing protocols to align with state requirements.

Medical Cannabis Laws in New Jersey and Pennsylvania

New Jersey Medical Cannabis Laws

New Jersey’s Medicinal Cannabis Program (NJMCP) has evolved to provide registered patients with safe and regulated access to cannabis-based medicine. Patients under the care of licensed healthcare practitioners can receive cannabis orders of up to 3 ounces (84 grams) for every 30-day period. These orders can be filled at state-licensed Alternative Treatment Centers (ATCs) or dispensaries across New Jersey. For patients unable to travel, caregivers can be designated and registered to make purchases on their behalf.

The NJMCP offers free digital ID cards for new and renewing patients and caregivers, simplifying the identification process. Physical ID cards are also available for a $10 charge. To qualify for the program, patients must maintain a bona fide relationship with a healthcare provider registered with the NJMCP. This relationship involves an ongoing responsibility for the assessment, care, and treatment of the patient’s qualifying medical condition, which can be established through a long-term relationship or a series of assessments.

Qualifying medical conditions in New Jersey include a broad range of ailments such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, anxiety, cancer, chronic pain, and more. Patients must be New Jersey residents and diagnosed with a qualifying condition by a registered healthcare practitioner. The program emphasizes compliance with New Jersey cannabis-related laws and regulations, requiring patients and caregivers to carry proper identification, keep medicinal cannabis in its original packaging, and use it primarily at home. Importantly, home cultivation of cannabis is not permitted, and patients should not transport medicinal cannabis across state lines.

The laws in New Jersey have changed in recent years to now allow recreational use of marijuana, even if it is not for medical purposes, by adults 21 years and older. New Jersey now allows the purchase of 6 oz of recreational marijuana or cannabis if you are 21 or older, but it is illegal to transport it across state lines. In the personal injury field, it is important to know that the DWI (Driving Under The Influence) Laws which prohibit driving impaired by alcohol or any controlled substance or medication, also apply to being impaired or under the influence of Cannabis or Marijuana, which terms are used interchangeably in the law. Additionally, no one under 21 years of age shall consume, possess, or transfer to cannabis or marijuana, or attempt to obtain cannabis or marijuana.

Pennsylvania Medical Cannabis Laws

Pennsylvania’s Medical Cannabis Program, implemented by the Department of Health (DOH), provides access to medical cannabis for patients with serious medical conditions. Signed into law on April 17, 2016, the program aims to balance patient access to treatment with safety and regulatory compliance. The program supports patients, caregivers, growers, processors, dispensaries, physicians, schools, and laboratories with comprehensive resources and guidelines.

The final-form regulations for the Pennsylvania Medical Cannabis Program were posted on March 4, 2023, in the Pennsylvania Bulletin. Recent legislative updates include Act 63 of 2023, signed by Governor Shapiro on December 14, 2023. Effective April 12, 2024, Act 63 allows qualified independent medical cannabis organizations (MMOs) to apply for either a grower/processor permit or a dispensary permit. These permits must be issued to the business entity holding the original permit, ensuring continuity and compliance within the industry.

Pennsylvania’s program operates under strict confidentiality provisions, maintaining electronic data through patient and practitioner registries and an electronic tracking system (ETS) for all phases of medical cannabis production and distribution. The program ensures that all participant information is kept confidential, enhancing patient privacy and security. The state continues to update its regulations and processes to reflect the latest legislative changes and ensure the program meets the evolving needs of patients and the medical cannabis industry.

Navigating Medical Cannabis in New Jersey and Pennsylvania

Both New Jersey and Pennsylvania have established comprehensive medical cannabis programs designed to provide patients with safe and regulated access to cannabis-based treatments. However, the specifics of each program, from qualifying conditions to regulatory compliance, vary significantly. Patients and caregivers in these states must navigate their respective programs’ requirements and stay informed about ongoing legislative changes to ensure they remain compliant and can access the necessary treatments.

For those involved in personal injury claims, understanding the nuances of these state-specific laws is crucial. Whether dealing with a medical cannabis car accident claim or seeking to use medical cannabis while pursuing a lawsuit, familiarity with state regulations can significantly impact the outcome of a case. Legal professionals specializing in personal injury and medical cannabis laws can provide essential guidance, helping patients and claimants navigate this complex and evolving legal landscape.

Medical Cannabis and Personal Injury Claims

When it comes to personal injury claims, the use of medical cannabis introduces several complications, especially in proving negligence and calculating damages. For instance, in a medical cannabis car accident claim, the defense might argue that the plaintiff’s cannabis use contributed to the accident, complicating the case. Pain management with medical cannabis, although beneficial for the patient, can also impact pain and suffering claims. Defense attorneys might assert that the plaintiff’s cannabis use mitigates their pain, reducing the compensation awarded for non-economic damages. In such cases, having a skilled personal injury lawyer who understands the intricacies of medical cannabis use is crucial.

Moreover, transparency about medical cannabis use is essential when pursuing a personal injury claim. Disclosing medical cannabis use to a personal injury lawyer enables them to prepare the case more effectively and anticipate potential challenges from the defense. Insurers might also try to deny claims by arguing that cannabis use constitutes contributory negligence. The answer to whether insurance can deny a claim for medical cannabis use depends on the specifics of the case and state laws. In some jurisdictions, protective laws exist for medical cannabis users, while in others, insurers have more leeway to deny claims. Building a strong case requires comprehensive medical documentation, expert testimony, and evidence of responsible use to counter such defenses.

Medical Cannabis and Insurance Challenges in Personal Injury Cases

Medical cannabis use presents significant challenges when dealing with insurance companies in personal injury cases. Insurers may try to deny claims by arguing that the plaintiff’s use of cannabis constitutes contributory negligence. They might assert that cannabis use impaired the plaintiff’s judgment or physical abilities, thereby contributing to the accident or injury. This can complicate the claims process, as the burden of proof shifts to the plaintiff to demonstrate that their medical cannabis use did not influence the incident. The variability in state laws further complicates matters, as some jurisdictions have protective laws for medical cannabis users, while others give insurers more leeway to deny claims based on cannabis use.

Navigating these insurance challenges requires thorough preparation and the support of a knowledgeable personal injury lawyer. Plaintiffs must provide comprehensive medical documentation, including prescriptions and treatment plans, to prove the legitimate medical need for cannabis. Expert testimony can also be instrumental in demonstrating that the plaintiff’s cannabis use did not impair their abilities or contribute to the incident. Transparency with the lawyer about cannabis use is crucial, enabling them to build a robust case and anticipate potential challenges from the insurer. By presenting a well-documented and compelling argument, plaintiffs can counter the insurer’s attempts to deny their claims and pursue the compensation they deserve.

Navigating the Grey Area of Medical Cannabis

Navigating the grey area of medical cannabis in personal injury claims requires a nuanced approach. Here are some strategies for plaintiffs and lawyers alike:

  1. Understand State Laws: Knowing the specifics of medical cannabis legality in your state is paramount. This knowledge will inform every step of the personal injury claim process.
  2. Gather Comprehensive Medical Documentation: Ensure all medical records related to your medical cannabis use are well-documented. This includes prescriptions, dosages, and treatment plans.
  3. Expert Testimony: Utilize medical experts who can testify about the effects of medical cannabis on your condition and its impact (or lack thereof) on your ability to function safely.
  4. Prove Responsible Use: Demonstrating that you follow your medical cannabis regimen responsibly can help counter claims of impairment or contributory negligence.
  5. Stay Transparent with Your Lawyer: Always disclose your medical cannabis use to your personal injury lawyer. This transparency allows them to build a robust defense and anticipate challenges.

Conclusion: Navigating Medical Cannabis and Personal Injury Claims in NJ & PA

The intersection of medical cannabis and personal injury law is a developing field filled with legal intricacies and state-specific challenges. Whether you’re dealing with a medical cannabis car accident claim or wondering, “can I use medical cannabis and sue?”, understanding these complexities is crucial for a successful outcome. As more states legalize medical cannabis, the legal landscape will continue to evolve. Staying informed and working with knowledgeable legal professionals can help navigate this grey area effectively, ensuring that medical cannabis users can pursue their rightful claims without undue prejudice.

When facing the complexities of medical cannabis and personal injury claims, choosing the right legal representation is crucial. The Law Offices of Vincent J. Ciecka, founded in 1976, have a long-standing history of advocating for accident victims. With locations in Pennsauken, New Jersey, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, our firm emphasizes personal injury, motor vehicle accidents, catastrophic accident cases, workplace injuries, and product liability. Our team of experienced personal injury lawyers strive to create a “people’s practice,” ensuring clients are not intimidated by the claims processing and litigation atmosphere. With over 150 years of combined experience, our firm’s attorneys are dedicated to maximizing clients’ claims, settlements, and verdicts, providing thorough counsel, immediate investigation of accidents, and personalized, compassionate legal assistance.


  1. 2024 Cannabis Legalization Review: A Guide For Employers In A Complex Legal Landscape – Forbes
  2. Medicinal Cannabis Program – Official Site of the State of New Jersey
  3. Pennsylvania Medical Cannabis Program – Pennsylvania Department of Health